RCL: Subjects
BIOLOGY Achievements and breakthroughs in biological research are measured by the production of the information and data created. More than 50,000 English-language, nonfiction, non-juvenile, book titles held in 100 or more libraries were published in fields related to the biological sciences between 1988 and 2006. This is roughly 20,000 more biology titles published in the five decades prior to 1988. The titles in the Biology section represent an attempt to select the most significant titles appropriate for college library collections from such a large inventory. Selection and revisions for the section on biology take into account several monumental "explosions" in the biological world over the past twenty years. First, many titles represent entirely new sub-disciplines that are spawning off of the fields of molecular and structural biology and genetics. This is the core of a "New Biology" of genomics, bioinformatics, proteomics, chemical biology, and systems biology. Research in these areas share a common goal to identify, organize, and analyze the genetic data of genomes in organisms ranging from viruses to humans and deciphering the nucleic acid sequences and the resulting proteins they encode. Investigators in New Biology endeavor to discern the precise mechanisms by which genomes direct the structure and function of the genetic codes and the biochemical, physiological, anatomical, and cellular processes they direct. Publication and production of data in biology are changing not only the traditional STM Literature (Science, Technology, Medical) but also influence biology curricula and teaching at all educational levels. The New Biology has ramifications in other aspects of biological and life science research and teaching, cutting across the disciplines to produce modern hybrid studies of molecular ecology, species-specific genomics, microbial genomics, and proteomics of oncology for example. Return to Subject List